Because if you are not careful, it's easy to OOM
There are a couple of things to consider when dealing with large file uploads and ASP.NET Web API. First of all, there are typical issues related to hosting within IIS context, and the limitations imposed on the service by default by the ASP.NET framework.
Secondly, there is the usual problem of having to deal with out of memory issues when allowing external parties or users to upload buffered large files. As a consequence, streamed uploads or downloads can greatly improve the scalability of the solutions by eliminating the need for large memory overheads on buffers.
Let’s have a look at how to tackle these issues.